Cameroon is an African country located right at the edge between Central Africa and West Africa. It is a country with a beautiful shape representing a woman. Because of its cultural and geographical diversity, its strategical location, its wealth in natural and human resources and its borders with other countries in the sub region, it plays a very prominent role in its sub-regions as well as on the African continent. It is the most important economic force of the Economic and Monetary Community of Central African States (CEMAC). Wish to learn more about this beautiful country? We invite you to continue reading!
An exceptional human, cultural and geographical potential
Cameroon is officially known as the “Republic of Cameroon”. It stretches over circa 475.442 km² (183,000 mi²) of land and is bordered by the countries of Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Central African Republic, Chad and Nigeria. It also has a coast line with the Atlantic Ocean.
This configuration allows it to be the cornerstone of the CEMAC sub-region. Due to its geographical, cultural and historical diversity, Cameroon is referred to as “Africa in miniature”.
Its geographical features include from north to south, deserts areas, vast savannah, mountainous terrains and high plateaus, large rainforest and beaches. The highest point is the Mount Cameroon situate at an altitude of 4,500meters (14,763 feet).
Its strategic location at the center of the continent has made it a very coveted and attractive territory over the centuries. First by migrant populations looking for a perfect refuge of fertile, comfortable and livable land; then by conquerors looking to expand their territories and dominance, then by colonizers at the search of new frontiers , minerals and the thrill of adventure.
Portugal explorers reached its coast lines in the 15th century and name it Rio dos Camarões (Shrimp River), which later became Kamerun (German) then Cameroon (Cameroun in French).
Cameroon became a German colony in 1884 and known as Kamerun. After the Germans lost World War I, Cameroon was then divided between France and the United Kingdom under a League of Nations mandate.
In 1960, Cameroon became an independent country. First as a federation of the English-speaking region and the French-speaking region. In 1972 both parts became united under the "United Republic of Cameroon". In 1983 the "United Republic of Cameroon" became the Republic of Cameroon.
Since then, the country is one and indivisible, and this spirit accompanies the people in their daily interactions with each other.
The human potential is definitely one of its greatest assets. Cameroonians are hospitable, joyful, creative, smart and warm people. Cameroonians are always ready to lend a hand when necessary.
Cameroon is home to a very large number ( around 200) of local dialects/languages. Cameroon does not have an official local language. Instead, English and French are the official languages of the country. Both languages are used interchangeably in schools, the media and in business settings. The majority of Cameroonian who have gone through the school system are capable of expressing themselves in both languages.
Cameroon is located right above the equator. The country alternates dry and rainy seasons with two main domains, namely the equatorial and tropical.
The tropical domain is declined with two sub seasons, mainly the sudanian climate (a rainy and a dry season) and the sahelian climate (marked by irregular rains).
The equatorial domain is mainly characterized by a rainy season made up of heavy rains and high and stable temperatures.
Whatever the season is, good or bad, the tourist season is never dull and covers a whole year. It is therefore possible to visit all the beautiful sites the country has to offer.
Even with all these information, it is still not quite enough to think you know Cameroon. Part of the country also relates to its touristic sites, the beauty of its heritage and cultural diversity!